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Running Head: Chronic Renal Failure

Renal failure means that the kidney of a person is not operating in its correct condition and is malfunctioning. The essay discusses on symptoms and signs of such failures, diagonisis, Framingham Risk scoring system, Treatment and nursing care of renal failure.

language english
wordcount 2774 (cca 7.5 pages)
contextual quality N/A
language level N/A
price free
sources 7
Table of contents

1.0 Introduction 1
2.0 Symptoms and signs 1
3.0 Diagnosis 1
4.0 Framingham Risk scoring system 3
5.0 Treatment 4
6.0 Nursing care according to the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs 5
7.0 References 6

Preview of the essay: Running Head: Chronic Renal Failure

Running Head: Chronic Renal Failure 1.0 Introduction Renal failure simply means that the kidney of a person is not operating in its correct condition and is malfunctioning. Chronic renal failure is also known as chronic renal disease is the continuous retrogress of the renal function over a given period of time. In medical terms, it refers to the permanent and steady reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) which deteriorates the normal function of the organ, kidney. This condition starts to manifest itself when the GFR goes below 25 ml/min. The kidneys strains to compensate for renal damage by excessive straining of the blood within the remaining functional nephrons (filtering units that consist of a glomerulus and corresponding tubule). When this condition is consistent, the kidney disfunctions. It is therefore overwhelmed by the ability to ...

... CKD evaluated the association between care by a nephrologists and survival over a median of 19.3 months. Compared with patients with no nephrology visits, patients with 2, 3, and 5 nephrology visits had adjusted hazard ratios for mortality of 0.80 (CI, 0.67 to 0.97), 0.68 (CI, 0.55 to 0.86), and 0.45 (CI, 0.32 to 0.63), respectively As CKD progresses, consult a nephrologists no later than when theeGFR first falls below 30 mL/minper 1.73 m2. As the GFR falls below 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2, a nephrologists who is well-versed in the technical aspects of renal replacement therapy can discuss treatment modalities for end-stage renal disease (peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and renal transplantation; prepare patients by providing counseling, psycho educational interventions, and referral for dialysis
access (peritoneal or hemodialysis); and initiate dialysis when appropriate (Agarwal, Brunell, Williams, et al).
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Natural Sciences


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