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Discussion on areas Impact of computers in society
The world is rapidly changing from what has been the industrial age to a computer information age. The industrial age brought about industrial revolution of which there were profound changes in the society. In that era man used various tools materials and energy to produce create and innovate. They mastered and gained skills on the use of materials and energy. Computers altered or changed the way people live and work leading to computer technology and information revolution.
This is the age of computer and vast majority of people are using computer. Development of science and computer technology has direct effect on our daily life as well as in our social life. Computer technology has made communication possible from one part of the world to the other in seconds. People can see the transactions in one part of the world while staying in the other part and with Computers capabilities and its advantages computers are used in many various fields such as medicine, business, engineering, manufacturing, agriculture. The impact of computers in the society is great and profound.
Computers have both positive and negative impact in our daily life as well as in our social life. In the subsequent chapters we shall see how computers have impacted the society in the under the following topics: Personal, Community National, Global, and Future.
|language || ||english
|wordcount || ||12215 (cca 34 pages)
|contextual quality || ||N/A
|language level || ||N/A
|price || ||free
|sources || ||14
Table of contents
PERSONAL IMPACTS 4
1.1 PRIVACY, PERSONAL RIGHTS AND DATA SECURITY 4
1.2 HUMAN ERGONOMICS 5
1.3 JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND NEED FOR TRAINING 7
1.4 BUSINESS TRANSACTION ANDCOMMUNICATION 7
1.5 UNEMPLOUMENT 9
COMMUNITY IMPACT 10
2.1 CHANGES WITHIN EXISTNG COMMUNITIES 10
2.2 THE EMERGENCE OF ELECTRONIC COMMUNITIES 10
2.3 EDUCATION 10
2.4 TRAFFIC CONTROL 12
2.5 URBAN PLANNING 13
2.6 ELECTRONIC WASTE 13
2.7 COMPUTER AND MEDICINE 13
2.8 COMPUTER AND THE HANDICAPPED 15
2.9 LAW ENFORCEMENT/LEGAL PROFESSIONS 16
2.10 ENTERTAINMENT 16
2.11 NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON COMMUNITY 17
NATIONAL IMPACT 18
3.1 ECONOMIC IMPACT 18
3.2 CULTURAL AND NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY 18
3.3 VOTE COUNTING 19
3.4 COMPUTER AND INDUSTRIES 19
3.5 ELCTRONIC FUND TRANSFER 21
3.6 POINT OF SALE TERINALS AND TRANSACTION 21
3.7 STOCK MARKET TRANSACTION 21
3.8 DEFENSE 22
3.9 SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING 22
3.10 NATIONAL DATA BANKS 23
3.11 COMPUTER CRIME 23
GLOBAL IMPACT 25
4.1 REPORTING OF CURRENT ENVENTS AND COMMUNICATION MEDIA 25
4.3EXPLORATION OF SPACE AND SEA 25
4.4 COMPUTER AND SCIENCE 26
4.5 WORLD WIDE ACCESS TO DATA/ INTERNET 27
FUTURE IMPACT 30
5.1 COMPUTERS IN OUR HOMES 30
5.2 GAMING 30
5.3 LEARNING AND EDUCATION 31
5.4 BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS 31
5.5 INFORMATION PROCESSING, STORAGE AND RETREIVAL 32
5.6 FAMILY UNIT 32
5.7 COMPUTER COMMUNICATION 32
5.8 THE PAPERLESS SOCIETY 32
5.9 THE CASHLESS SOCIETY 33
Preview of the essay: Discussion on areas Impact of computers in society
Introduction of computers have impacted every aspect of our personal lives causing fundamental changes to occur. There has been increase use of computers in our homes and other many places. Computers have given rise to issues that are debatable but no complete clear answer. Below shows how computers have affected people`s life.
1.1 PRIVACY, PERSONAL RIGHTS AND DATA SECURITY
Privacy is the right or claim of individuals or institution to determine for themselves when, how and to what extend the information about themselves is communicated to others.
One the most and single criticism on computers is robbing us our privacy: Methods of securing our privacy even deteriorate!
Unregulated flow of information into computer data banks could lead to and erosion of constitutional rights. The computer can collect, process, store, and retrieve data more rapidly than any human. This ability coupled with the ever increasing number of computerized data banks, is making it possible for private industry and government agencies to compile sizeable information file on individual citizens. According to one view, the potential for good inherent in these data banks is great, but the potential for harm is infinite.
A book, ‘the new utopians,, a study of systems design and social change by Robert Borg slaw a sociologist states: “The greatest vigor ...
... of how money is regulated as well as spent and sell would change. Plastic cards e.g. credit cards are eliminating the use of money leading to a cashless society.
A cashless society is far more convenient.
• Computer does all tedious chores for people. Mortgage repayments, telephone, rates, electricity and gas bills, loan repayment- all these are automatically deducted from the amount in your bank.
• It will no longer be necessary to draw large sums of money out of the bank to make a purchase. This leads to less risk of being robbed.
• It avoids inconvenience of having to draw out money from the bank all the time.
• Credit cards allow people to buy goods and then to decide whether to pay for them at the end of the month or obtain the on credit, paying a proportion of each month.
• It will be easy to spend more than you can really afford.
• It will be harder to relate to money you have when you can’t actually see it. Money comes into and goes out of your account automatically, so it is much harder to know how much you have left.
• With the increased use of credit cards, more and more information needs to be kept about individuals by outside organization. Inevitably some of the details may be incorrect and results in the persons affected being refused credit
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