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The Basic Foundations of State
This paper is focused on the concepts of State as used in political sense. It discusses such topics as state and its distinctions to government, nation and other related terms; and the basic understanding of state in theoretical, physical, historical and political perspectives.
|language || ||english
|wordcount || ||7705 (cca 22 pages)
|contextual quality || ||N/A
|language level || ||N/A
|price || ||free
|sources || ||5
Table of contents
Theoretical Definitions 1
State and Its Physical Basis 2
The Theoretical Foundation of the State 4
The Historical Foundation of the State 9
The Political Foundation of the State 13
Preview of the essay: The Basic Foundations of State
BASIC FOUNDATIONS OF A STATE The discussion of this paper is centered on the political concept of a state. To give a systematized presentation of discussion, topics are divided into major subheadings or subtopics. First, definitions which can cause confusions on understanding the concept of state are clarified and delineated; distinctions of state and nation, government and other related concepts are discussed. However, the great part of this essay is focused on the physical, theoretical, historical and political bases of the state. Examples and illustrations are supplemented to give more meaning to the discussion. THEORETICAL DEFINITIONS “The state, as a concept of political science and constitutional law,” says an American authority, “is a community of persons more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, independent of external control, and possessing an organized government to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.” According to this definition, there are four requisites for state existence; namely people territory, government, and independence or sovereignty. Government, to follow a definition quoted with approval by the supreme tribunal of the land, is “that institution or aggregate of institutions by which an independent society ...
... stands the political sovereign, the authority that could depose a Bourbon king or bring the British Parliament to a perpetual halt. In a democratic country, this sovereign may be understood to be the electorate, it is ultimately the whole mass of the population whether enfranchised or not. The real political sovereign is in all states the people, whether they actually control public affairs, whether they deliberately turn over these affairs to a ruling class, or whether they voluntarily or involuntarily submit to the domination of a despot.
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