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COPING WITH RETIREMENT: WELL-BEING, HEALTH, AND RELIGION
Lee conducted a 6-year longitudinal study on 7,527 community dwellers who were 70 years of age or older and compared the findings from self-assessed health measures with those from functional status assessments by health and social services. Our findings on the role of religion and spirituality are of particular interest because they suggest that, for relatively healthy and active retirees, these variables tend to operate as secondary coping mechanisms rather than primary coping mechanisms (assuming that they play a part at all) and that some of the previous reports that emphasize the importance of religious coping may have the most relevance for individuals of more extreme age and fragility.
|language || ||english
|wordcount || ||8108 (cca 23 pages)
|contextual quality || ||N/A
|language level || ||N/A
|price || ||free
|sources || ||14
Table of contents
Abstract (Summary) 2
This Study on Coping Mechanisms 3
Method Design 10
Nature and humanity 13
Coping religion 14
Biographical and single-question measures 15
Results, CASP-19 Reliability 18
Descriptive Statistics 18
Hypothesis Testing 20
Path Analysis 22
Preview of the essay: COPING WITH RETIREMENT: WELL-BEING, HEALTH, AND RELIGION
The number of elderly people is increasing, and the authors aimed to identify variables associated with older adults' ability to cope with their retirement years. In this study, 133 community-dwelling men and women (M age = 72 years, SD age = 7.6 years) completed a battery of self-report measures. A path analysis showed that internal locus of control (LOC) and good self-rated health were direct predictors of the criterion variable of life coping. However, whereas health remained a standalone variable, faith in nature and humanity (positive correlation) and the use of coping religion (negative correlation) predicted LOC. Thus, LOC may play a mediatory role between the latter 2 variables and life coping. In turn, spirituality was a predictor of both the faith in nature and humanity variable and the coping religion variable. Additional findings include a positive correlation between self-rated health and seniority of pre-retirement occupation, a higher health rating for house dwellers compared with bungalow dwellers, and a negative correlation between age and self-rated health. The authors offer some explanations for the outcomes and suggest ...
... coping mechanisms (assuming that they play a part at all) and that some of the previous reports that emphasize the importance of religious coping may have the most relevance for individuals of more extreme age and fragility. However, it is prudent not to ignore individual differences because it was clear that the present participant pool included individuals who had strong religious convictions as well those who had none.
It is important that those who are responsible for the social welfare of retired people (e.g., policymakers, carers, service providers) understand how retirees cope with the potentially traumatic event of leaving full-time employment and then help to ensure that this transition to retirement is as painless and satisfying as possible. Assisting individuals in maintaining a sense of control over their lives, even when in residential care, and ensuring availability of medical facilities to treat ailments and provide reassurance, will play a major role in facilitating a sense of life coping among the elderly.
Essay is in categories
Primary Health Care