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Forms and Manifestations of Language Sexism

Linguistic sexism appears in various forms and in myriads of contexts. This essay contains an in-depth analysis and exemplification on the different forms and manifestations of language sexism.

language english
wordcount 9577 (cca 27 pages)
contextual quality N/A
language level N/A
price free
sources 45
Table of contents

Introduction 2
Forms of Language Sexism 2
Types of Language Sexism According to Henley 3
Types of Language Sexism According to King 3
Types of Language Sexism According to Fundamental Effects 3
The Different Categories of Sexist Language 4
Language that Excludes Women or Renders Them Invisible 4
Language that Trivializes Women 10
Language that Disparages and Marginalizes Women or 13
Persons of Another Gender Languages that Fosters Unequal Gender Relations 15
Gender Polarization of Meaning 16
Male-Centered View Metaphors 20
Sexism in Proverbs 21
Sexism in Eponyms 21

Preview of the essay: Forms and Manifestations of Language Sexism

"The absence of women from the philosophical tradition has meant that the conceptualization of Reason has been done exclusively by men. It is not surprisingly that the results should reflect their sense of Philosophy as a male activity" Introduction Different authors have different mode of classifying language sexism. These classifications are very helpful in identifying the obvious and potential forms of language sexism. Knowledge of these different types or classifications help the readers detect language sexism in various communicative situations which will help him avoid these forms in their own communicative or speech acts. General Classifications of Sexism Generally sexism can be benevolent or hostile. Benevolent sexism (BS) is a set of beliefs that, though subjectively favorable, reinforce the notion that women are the "'weaker sex" and therefore require men's protection, affection, and provision. BS idealizes women and suggests that they ought to be placed on a pedestal, but only if they conform to the traditional roles men assign them and do not challenge men's authority (Glick, Diebold. Bailey Werner, & Zhu, 1997). Hostile sexism (HS), on the other hand, is a subjectively ...

... have long hair and short sense. 6). A woman’s tongue cracks bones. Not only in English, but in many languages, women are the victims of evil-intentioned jokes or proverbs. Afghan jokes and folklore are blatantly sexist, such as this proverb: “If you see an old man, sit down and take a lesson; if you see an old woman, throw a stone.” Sexism in Eponyms Eponyms, words that have come from someone's name, are another area filled with inequalities. There are numerous examples of words that are part of the English language that honor men for their accomplishments. For example, Winchester rifle, Gatling gun, Franklin stove, Ferris wheel, sousaphone, etc... (Eschholz 1990). Women, however, are not honored in the same way. "The only common eponyms taken from American women's names are Alice blue (after Alice Roosevelt Longworth), bloomers (after Amelia Jenks Bloomer), and Mae West jacket (after the buxom actress). Two out of three feminine eponyms relate closely to a women's physical anatomy, while the masculine eponyms have nothing to do with the namesake's body, but, instead, honor the man for an accomplishment of some kind" (Eschholz 1990).
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Humanistic Studies


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