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Trends of milk production in kenya since indepedence

This essay is a complete analysis of the trends of milk production in kenya,it gives first hand information to any researcher interested in domestic animal production. It also detail the challenges that the the farmers face and some of the recommendations towards these challenges.

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Preview of the essay: Trends of milk production in kenya since indepedence

AN ESSAY ON TRENDS OF MILK PRODUCTION IN KENYA SINCE INDEPENDENCE. INTRODUCTION. World-wide demand for food of animal origin is growing rapidly, particularly in the developing countries where Kenya is included. This is seen as a revolution in global agriculture, the Livestock Revolution, affecting human health, livelihoods and the environment. In the face of rapid growth in human populations and consumer demand for food in the developing countries there is widespread concern regarding the capability of world agriculture to ensure adequate supplies of food on a sustainable basis. It’s on this basis of livestock revolution that we study the case of milk production in Kenya. The trend in Dairy production in Kenya. Small scale system. Intensive smallholder production is concentrated in the high potential upland areas of Central Kenya. The most intensive form, promoted by the National Dairy Development Project, involves a package of two or three “grade” or crossbred cows, zero-grazing, improved cow housing, Napier Grass grown as fodder and manure recycling. Typically two or three cows are kept, fed some purchased concentrates in addition to cut and carried fodder and milked twice a day. A slightly less intensive system, operated on ...

... to facilitate research to farmers. Conclusions. Milk production in Kenya can still be increased. The national dairy cattle breeding policy for the different ecological zones of Kenya is based on findings which suggest that, with adequate management, best use of pasture that is made by European dairy breeds in the temperate high-potential areas, by crosses between European breeds and the Sahiwal in the semi-arid and coastal areas, by pure Sahiwals in the arid areas, and by indigenous zebus in the very arid areas. The Sahiwal has a very important role to play, both as a purebred and as a crossbred with European breeds. A lot milk production is realized. With the existing variation and the corresponding genetic parameters, rapid progress may be expected. The overall herd average has increased from 1 042 kg milk per cow and lactation in 1965 to 1 630 kg in 1972. A future rate of genetic gain of 3 to 4 percent per year has been projected. Sahiwal breeding stock and deep-frozen semen are being exported to many tropical countries Kenya included. This trend shows that with improved ways of rearing cows and good management milk production will increase.
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Humanistic Studies
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African Studies


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