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THE TRIUMPH OF CHRISTIANITY: THE EMERGENCE OF A WORLD RELIGION
This essay traces the emergence of Christianity as a religion and its eventual acceptance and recognition as the official state religion of the Roman Empire. This discussion is important as it sheds light as to how the Church attained its heights of power.
|4367 (cca 12 pages)
Table of contents
Roman Occupation of Palestine 2
The Life of Jesus 4
Paul’s Missionary Work 5
Official Recognition and Acceptance 6
Reason for the Spread of Christianity 7
Early Church Organization 7
Foundations of Christian Doctrine and Worship 8
The Bishop of Rome Becomes Leader of the Church 9
Preview of the essay: THE TRIUMPH OF CHRISTIANITY: THE EMERGENCE OF A WORLD RELIGION
THE TRIUMPH OF CHRISTIANITY: THE EMERGENCE OF A WORLD RELIGION Introduction To the inhabitants of the Greece-Roman world, Rome was “the External City”-a proud designation which is still used today. When, therefore, in 410 A.D. the barbarian Visigoths responded to its magnetic lure by entering Italy and sacking the city, a cry of anguish reverberated throughout the crumbling empire. In distant Bethlehem, St. Jerome cried, “The Lamp of the world which is extinguished, and it is the whole world which has perished in the ruins of this one city.” This essay tells the story of the fall of the City of the Caesars and of the emergence, like the phoenix arising from the ashes, of “the City of God.” It was St. Augustine who, in the wake of the Visigoths’ capture of Rome, devised that phrase to represent the rise of a new Christian society on the ruins of paganism and a once invincible empire-and to assure Christian that the community of the Most High would endure. This period in history has many facets. One is the story of Jesus’ life and teaching amidst a background of turbulent relations between the Jews and their ...
... explaining the development of the papacy at Rome. As the largest city in the West and the capital of the political world, Rome had proud tradition. Rome had been the center of Christian persecution, and its Church was sanctified with an aura of martyrdom. Rome was also the hub of a strong Christian missionary movement. The churches founded by missionaries from Rome turned naturally to the mother Church and its bishop for help and guidance. Finally, the higher offices of the Church in the West were in the main filled by series of outstanding administration and theologians, whose efforts increased the power of the bishop of Rome. The weakening of political power in the West and the transfer of the imperial authority from Rome to Constantinople in the fourth century resulted in the bishops there being overshadowed by the emperors, while in Rome the church had almost no political competition. By the beginning of the seventh century, the bishop of Rome had become the spiritual leader of the western world.
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